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Application of laser precision spot welding in consumer electronics industry

Views:0     Author:hu     Publish Time: 2021-08-30      Origin:dapeng

Application of laser precision spot welding in consumer electronics industry

In recent years, with the increasingly fierce competition in the consumer electronics market, the electronics manufacturing industry has also put forward higher requirements for products. Traditional processing methods can easily lead to unstable product quality, meltdown of parts, difficulty in forming a normal nugget, and low yield. The emergence of laser processing technology can quickly solve these problems for electronic product manufacturers. In the production process of high-end electronic products, laser processing has played a significant role in optimizing the volume and improving the quality of the products, making the products lighter and thinner, and more stable. It is reported that about 70% of electronic product processing and manufacturing links are applied to laser technology (more than 20 different processes) and related manufacturing equipment.

At present, laser precision spot welding is mainly used in the housing, shielding cover, USB connector, conductive patch, etc. of electronic products. It has small thermal deformation, precise and controllable area and position, high welding quality, can realize the welding of dissimilar materials, and is easy to weld. Realize advantages such as automation. But when welding different materials, different welding methods are required.

Based on the results of many experiments, Chuangxin Laser Welding Engineers summarized in the manufacturing process of consumer electronics, which method should be used for laser precision spot welding of different materials such as high-reflection materials, metal sheets, and dissimilar materials. Produce the best welding effect.

Laser precision spot welding of high reflective materials

When welding high-reflection materials such as aluminum and copper, different welding waveforms have a great influence on the welding quality. The laser waveform with pre-spike can break through the high reflectivity barrier. The instant high peak power can quickly change the state of the metal surface and raise its temperature to the melting point, thereby reducing the reflectivity of the metal surface and improving the energy utilization rate. In addition, due to the fast heat conduction speed of materials such as copper and aluminum, the appearance of the solder joints can be optimized by using the slow-down waveform.

On the other hand, the absorptivity of gold, silver, copper, steel and other materials decreases with increasing wavelength. For copper, when the laser wavelength is 532nm, the absorptivity of copper is close to 40%. Comparing and analyzing the characteristics of infrared lasers and green lasers, it can be seen that infrared lasers have large spot sizes and short focal depths, and copper has low absorption; green lasers have small spot sizes and long focal depths, and copper has high absorption. The infrared laser and the green laser were used to pulse spot welding on red copper. It can be found that the size of the solder joints after infrared laser welding is inconsistent, while the size of the solder joints of the green laser is more uniform, the depth is consistent, and the surface is smooth (Figure 1-2). The welding effect of the green laser is more stable, and the required peak power will be more than half lower than that of the infrared laser.

Spike waveform

Welding effect at 1064nm wavelength ▲ (Picture 1-1)

Welding effect at 532nm wavelength ▲ (Picture 1-2)

Laser precision spot welding of metal sheet materials

When traditional millisecond lasers are welding thin metal plates, the materials are easily broken down and the solder joints are relatively large; while high-reflection materials are often exposed to explosions and welding due to their own instability and low absorption rate of the laser in the solid state. Phenomenon such as virtual welding. In order to solve the difficulties in welding thin plates and high-reflective metals, the fiber laser QCW/CW mode is respectively modulated by analog and digital, and N pulse output can be realized once triggering, and single-point multi-pulse welding can be realized with a smaller power.

Modulation method

High frequency pulse spot welding surface forming

Weld section

Laser precision spot welding of dissimilar materials

When laser welding thin plates of dissimilar materials, problems such as false welding, cracks, and low connection strength are very easy to occur. This is due to the large difference in physical properties between the two, low mutual solubility, and easy generation of brittle compounds. These compounds make the mechanics of the welded joint. Performance is greatly reduced. The high-beam quality nanosecond laser is selected through the high-speed scanning method to precisely control the heat input to inhibit the formation of intermetallic compounds, realize the overlapping of dissimilar metal sheets, and improve the weld formation and mechanical properties.

Output waveform

scanning method

Weld surface forming

Weld section

Welding strength test of 316L stainless steel and 6063 aluminum alloy

Chuangxin Laser's quasi-continuous fiber laser and MOPA pulse width adjustable pulse fiber laser have the advantages of high beam quality, high peak power, adjustable and controllable, etc., becoming ideal light sources for laser precision spot welding.

150W/1500W quasi-continuous fiber laser

The product has multiple compatibility and control modes, can switch between pulse and continuous modes, and can handle the processing tasks of two different lasers at the same time. The pulse width waveform is flexible and adjustable, the heat dissipation is fast, the electro-optical conversion rate is more than 30%, and it is a long pulse width. , Another choice for high peak power applications.

120W MOPA Pulse Width Tunable Pulse Fiber Laser

Adjustable pulse width pulse fiber laser adopts MOPA structure two-stage amplification, pulse width and frequency are independently adjustable, making more laser applications possible. The pulse width is flexibly adjustable from 60 to 350ns, the peak power is up to 10kW, and the repetition frequency is up to 1000kHz. It is equipped with an independent research and development on-line isolator, which is an ideal laser source for laser fine processing.

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Dapeng laser specializing in R&D, manufacturing laser marking, cutting and welding machines, we also provides Laser sources and spare parts to the laser machine manufacturers in China and surrounding countries.

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